Kathy Padden 37 comments Brian T. Where do the Gypsies originally come from? They do not have a shared homeland or national identity. They are a people who are scattered across the globe and whose origins have always been shrouded in myth and mystery among other reasons because they have kept no written records of their early history.
They were enslaved for five centuries and scattered across continents. Despite this, their culture has remained nearly unchanged throughout the centuries, which contributes to the continued perception of mystery and "otherness. Yet, they maintain their traditional beliefs and customs.
By the beginning of the twenty-first century, there has been increased effort made by some countries to be more inclusive of Roma people and their children in public health care, housing, and educationsuggesting that in time the Roma will find their place within the family of humankind.
This ethnonym is not used by the Roma to describe themselves, and is often considered pejorative. However, the use of "gypsy" in English is now so pervasive that many Roma organizations use the word "gypsy" in their own names.
In North America, the word "gypsy" is often misunderstood as a reference to lifestyle or fashionand not to the Roma ethnicity.
The Spanish term gitano and the French term gitan may have the same origin. History First arrival of the Roma outside Berne in the fifteenth century, described by the chronicler as getoufte heiden "baptized heathens" and drawn with dark skin and wearing Saracen style clothes and weapons Spiezer Schilling, Linguistic and genetic evidence indicates the Roma originated on the Indian Subcontinent.
The cause of the Roma diaspora is unknown.
One theory suggests the Roma were originally low-caste Hindus recruited into an army of mercenaries, granted warrior caste status, and sent westwards to resist Islamic military expansion. Another theory suggests that perhaps the Muslim conquerors of northern India took the Roma as slaves and brought them home, where they became a distinct community; Mahmud of Ghazni reportedly tookprisoners during a Turkish invasion of Sindh and Punjab.
Why the Roma did not return to India, choosing instead to travel west into Europe, is an enigma, but may relate to military service under the Muslims. Contemporary scholars have suggested one of the first written references to the Roma, under the term Atsingani, derived from the Greek atsinganoidates from the Byzantine era during a time of famine in the ninth century.
In the year C. Later, in C. George the Anchorite, mentions that the Atsingani were called on by Constantine to help rid his forests of the wild animals which were killing off his live stock.
They are later described as sorcerers and evildoers and accused of trying to poison the Emperor's favorite hound. In a Franciscan monk named Simon Simeonis described people in likeness to the "atsingani" living in Crete and in Ludolphus of Sudheim mentioned a similar people with a unique language who he called Mandapolos, a word which some theorize was possibly derived from the Greek word mantes meaning prophet or fortune teller.
By the fourteenth century, the Roma had reached the Balkans; byGermany ; and by the sixteenth century, Scotland and Sweden. Both currents met in France. Roma began immigrating to the United States in colonial times, with small groups in Virginia and French Louisiana. Larger-scale immigration began in the s, with groups of Romnichal from Britain.
The largest number immigrated in the early s, mainly from the Vlax group of Kalderash.The history of Spanish Gypsies is more complicated than one of traveling beggars—they were an essential part of the development of modern Spanish culture.
Here is their story. The Gypsies themselves have formed the Roma National Congress to advocate for change and represent their interests. So things may finally be looking up for one of the more unique cultures in world history.
The International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance launched a digital exhibition on the Roma and Sinti Holocaust. Worth checking. – Digital Exhibition about Genocide of Sinti and the Roma accompanied by Stories about Hungary, Croatia and Romania.
The true origin of Roma (Gypsies), according to cultural and historic evidences. Comparison with indo-European cultures. The remarkable history of Gypsies, Roma, and Travellers in Europe, beginning over 1, years ago, tells a story of diversity, creativity and survival.
The Gypsies, through their quick wits, penchant for giving themselves fake dukedoms, and/or claiming to be on bogus pilgrimages, managed to gain the protection of .